Xiaobai assembles the computer "necessary hardware equipment" to let you have your own computer

time:2022-11-28 20:57:03 source:scripttoolbox.com author:Loudspeaker box
Xiaobai assembles the computer "necessary hardware equipment" to let you have your own computer

To assemble a computer, the necessary things are chassis, power supply, motherboard, CPU, memory, hard disk, and if you play games and edit videos, you also need a graphics card. [Motherboard] If the computer is like a house, then the motherboard is the foundation, the most basic and most important part of the computer. The CPU, graphics card, memory, hard drive... all have to be plugged into the motherboard. The motherboard itself is not simple. It has a chipset, which determines the price. A good motherboard can make the computer run more stably. [CPU] is the brain of the computer, processing and computing all things. The work of CPU is divided into 5 stages: fetch stage, instruction decode stage, execute instruction stage, access data and result write back. [Memory]: When the computer is turned on, the operating system will transfer the data to be calculated from the memory to the CPU for calculation. When the calculation is completed, the CPU will transmit the result. Therefore, the quality of the memory determines the running speed of the computer, and the memory is also the bridge between the CPU and the hard disk. 【Hard Disk】: The memory is like a desk, temporarily storing data. The hard disk is like a bookcase, storing data permanently. The operating systems, games, software, etc. we usually use are stored in the hard disk. When we want to use them, the computer will transfer them from the hard disk to the memory, and then processed by the CPU. [Graphics card]: It is an important accessory of the computer. It is the "bridge" between the host and the monitor. It controls the graphics output of the computer, and is responsible for processing the image data sent by the CPU into a format recognized by the monitor, and then sending it to the computer. The display forms an image. Graphics cards are very important for people who like to play games and engage in professional graphic design. 【Power supply】: It is a transformer that converts the household 220V alternating current into direct current to supply power to the computer. A good power supply can make the computer run more stably. The higher the configuration of the computer, the more power it needs. [Chassis] There are different sizes, E-ATX chassis > ATX chassis > M-ATX chassis > ITX chassis, the large chassis has a large capacity and can be assembled into a computer with stronger performance, and the small chassis is very portable, but the performance is insufficient. Need to pay attention: Many motherboards, power supplies, and graphics cards are too large to fit into a small case. 【Motherboard】After deciding the size of the chassis, you can choose the motherboard with the appropriate size. The large motherboard has more slots and can have larger memory and hard disk capacity. Note: Different types of motherboards have different compatible CPUs, so you need to coordinate the combination of the two. [CPU] The CPU is a square chip that is placed on the motherboard. Determine the brand of the CPU, and then buy a compatible motherboard. Intel's common CPUs are Core i3, i5, and i7 series. It is recommended to purchase the core boxed i3-12100, which is suitable for office, video, and online games. Boxed i5-12400, suitable for large-scale game boxed i7-12700, suitable for large-scale games, Professional work needs to be noted: If you plan to play games and buy a graphics card, the CPU can be purchased with an "F" version after the model, and vice versa. AMD's CPUs are commonly found in the Ryzen R5 and R7 series. The recommended model is the boxed R5-5600G, which is suitable for office, video, online games, and large-scale games. The boxed R7-5700G is suitable for large-scale games, and professional work needs to pay attention: if you plan to play If you buy a graphics card for a game, you can buy a version with a model ending in "X" for the CPU, but not vice versa. Note: The boxed CPU comes with a fan radiator. If necessary, you can replace the water cooling radiator. [Graphics card] According to the type of game, choose a graphics card that is suitable for performance. Note: The size of the graphics card must be compatible with the chassis before it can be installed, which needs to be carefully checked. League of Legends: 1650, l650s, 1660, 6500xt Chicken, Genshin Impact: 1660s 1660ti 3060, 6600 6600xt Other 3D online games: 1650, 1650s, l660, 6500xt, 6600 , 6800xt [power supply] After determining the CPU and graphics card, select the appropriate power supply according to the performance of the two. The stronger the performance, the greater the power requirement of Shenyuan. It is recommended to buy [Gold Medal] power supply, and the brands recommend Great Wall, Patriot, Xingu, Huntkey, Zhenhua, Haiyun, Antec, and Corsair. Note: The size of the power supply must be compatible with the chassis before it can be installed, which needs to be carefully checked. Recommended power 300W: do not play games, no graphics card computer 300-500W: play online games (including chicken, Genshin), computer with graphics card 500-700W: play large games, the CPU is i3, i5, R5, the graphics card is 3060, 3060ti, 6600xt and above 700W: play large games, the CPU is i7, R7, the graphics card is 3070ti, 3080ti, 6700xt, 6800, 6800xt [Memory] For daily work, online games, it is recommended to buy 2 8G memory sticks for professional work and large-scale games , Recommended to buy 2 16G memory sticks Brand recommendation: G.K., Samsung, ADATA, Corsair [Hard Disk] Recommended to buy | An ssd solid state drive as a system disk, and then a mechanical hard drive to store files. SSD solid state drive, choose 500G for daily use, recommend IT brands for large gamers: Samsung, Kioxia mechanical hard drives, choose IT for daily use, choose 2T for professional editing jobs: Seagate, Western Digital Mainboard, the hard disk that can be accommodated is limited, you need to check clearly [Monitor] According to different needs, choose a suitable monitor Daily simple work: 1080p60hz, 2k60hz Online games (LOL, Chicken, Genshin, etc.): 1080pl44hz, 2k60hz, 2kl44hz Large stand-alone Games: 2k60hz, 2kl44hz, 4k60hz video, design Professional work: 2k60hz, 4k60hz Ultra HD Movie lovers: 4k60hz Brand recommendation: ASUS, Dell, AOC, Samsung, LG, Philips [Keyboard and mouse] The budget is limited, choose about 100 yuan Keyboard and mouse set. The budget is sufficient, the work chooses the brown switch, the red switch mechanical keyboard, the game chooses the black switch, the blue switch Brand recommendation: Cherry, ikbc, Razer The budget is enough, the work chooses the ergonomic mouse, the game chooses the game mouse brand recommendation: Logitech, Razer, Microsoft, Shuangfeiyan

(Responsible editor:Chassis)

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