Practical tutorial, low-end computer to play high-end performance, only need this new MSI mortar motherboard

time:2022-09-27 05:28:01 source:scripttoolbox.com author:Hard disk
Practical tutorial, low-end computer to play high-end performance, only need this new MSI mortar motherboard

Like many commodities, computers are also divided into low-end, mid-range and high-end. The low-end performance is weak, and the high-end performance is strong. However, for computer DIY enthusiasts, there is a way to improve computer performance, that is, to overclock the computer's CPU, which can improve performance. In other words, it is through overclocking, exceeding the rated operating frequency of the CPU, to achieve the purpose of improving performance. Once upon a time, overclocking was a basic skill that every DIY player must have. But how can manufacturers give you such great value for money? Then nobody buys a high-end CPU. Therefore, gradually control, so that you can not achieve the purpose of overclocking. In the case of Intel CPU, the frequency of CPU = base frequency x multiplier, and the base frequency is also called FSB. First of all, technically, you cannot exceed FSB. If you want to overclock, you can only overclock. However, the CPUs that support overclocking are only CPUs with a K suffix in the CPU model. Taking Intel's latest 12th-generation CPU as an example, there are only 12600K, 12700K, and 12900K. These mid-to-high-end CPUs Overclocking is supported. At the same time, overclocking also requires motherboard support. Also taking motherboards that support 12th-generation CPUs as an example, Intel motherboards are divided into H610, B660, Z690 series, arranged from low-end to high-end, and only 690 series support overclocking, which undoubtedly increases the starting cost of overclocking, even if It is the cheapest 690 motherboard + 12600K, and it costs nearly 4,000 yuan, which is really expensive. DIY players are so miserable, but there is no way out, like a new B660 motherboard from MSI, which adds OC ENGINE, which allows DIY players to achieve the purpose of low-end CPU overclocking. Today I will share it with you. This motherboard and a practical tutorial on how to overclock. The model of this motherboard is MAG B660M MORTAR MAX WIFI DDR4 mortar, and there are product features on the back, one of which is the OC engine, which fully releases the CPU performance through the clock generator. We see this motherboard, similar to other mortar series, using a large silver-white heat dissipation vest, black PCB version, four memory slots, integrated IO interface, etc. In the power supply, the power supply design that provides 12+1+1 is used, and the power supply of 12 phases is 60A per phase. 6-layer PCB board, 2oz copper reinforced design, third-generation titanium inductors. These are the usual specifications of the mortar series, and the mortar is worthy of the name. Let's take a look at the interface design of this motherboard. First, look at the top. From the perspective of the above picture, on the right is the CPU power supply interface, 8+8PIN, which is luxurious. The industry usually uses a single 8PIN or 8+4PIN for the B660 motherboard. powered by. At the same time, on this side, there is also a CPU FAN fan interface and an ARGB controllable color light interface. Looking at the right side of the motherboard, there are four DDR4 memory slots above, equipped with a DDR4 acceleration engine, and the official indicator supports up to DDR4 4800MHz. On the right side are various interfaces. From right to left in the above picture are the PUMP FAN cooling water pump interface, the motherboard 24PIN power supply interface, the front USB 3.2 Gen2 10Gbps interface, the front USB 3.2 Gen1 5Gbps interface, and 4 SATA interfaces. , a fan connector. Going to the bottom, the first thing you see is a silver-white M.2 SSD cooling vest. There are also many interfaces on the bottom side. For home use, there are mainly chassis panel interfaces, 2 USB 2.0 interfaces, 2 SATA interfaces, 2 fan interfaces, an ARGB interface, a 12VRGB color light interface, and a front audio interface. Usually B660 motherboards have 4 SATA ports, but this motherboard can provide up to 6. Remove the heat dissipation vest, you can see the M.2 SSD that supports up to 2280 specifications, both of which support PCIe 4.0x4, the first one is CPU pass-through, there is a fan interface on the side, and the second one is from the chipset. There are 3 PCIE slots, the first supports PCIe 5.0x16 and comes with steel armor. The second is PCIe 3.0x1 and the third is PCIe 3.0x4. Rear integrated IO port, from left to right are 4 USB 2.0 ports, HDMI port, support HDMI 2.1, one DP port, support DP 1.4, 3 USB 3.2 Gen 2 10bps ports (red), one USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 20Gbps TYPE-C interface, a 2.5G wired network port, 2 WiFi antenna interfaces (built-in WiFi 6), and audio interface. The biggest attraction of this motherboard is that it comes with OC ENGINE, through a RC26008 Renesas clock generator, low-end CPU can also be overclocked. The following is an example to explain how to achieve. The CPU selected is i5-12490F, a CPU in the early thousand yuan, 6 cores and 12 threads, CPU main frequency 3GHz, full core frequency 4GHz, maximum turbo frequency 4.6GHz, L3 cache 20MB, PBP power consumption 65W, MTP power consumption 117W, PCIe 5.0 is supported. Power on and long press del to enter the BIOS setting interface, the default is normal easy mode, we see that the CPU frequency is 3GHz, and the memory is 2666MHz. Press F7 to enter advanced mode, let's take a look, just through a few simple steps, you can achieve the purpose of overclocking. Here we first set the all-core core frequency to the maximum allowed 40. Then we adjust the CPU base frequency below, which is commonly known as FSB, which is also the feature of this motherboard. It can adjust the base frequency (FSB), which cannot be achieved by ordinary motherboards. The default is 100, we set it to 130 here, that is, the frequency is increased by 1.3 times. Then we will find that Microcode Selection will automatically recognize it as [Non K OC], which is the non-K ending CPU overclocking. Then we will find that the CPU frequency becomes 5200MHz, which is 4000x1.3. After adjustment, there will be a brief red banner prompt, we see that the CPU frequency has changed from 4000MHz to 5200MHz. At the same time, pay attention to the frequency of the memory, which has also changed from 2666MHz to 3465MHz. This is because the base frequency has changed, so when overclocking, you should also pay attention to the quality of the memory. The frequency of the memory can also be set separately, so it can be adjusted according to the constitution of your own memory, which is not a problem. Due to overclocking, it is necessary to properly increase the voltage of the CPU. Here we increase the CPU core voltage to 1.25V, which is a relatively conservative value. I personally think that within 1.35V is normal and acceptable. To prevent CPU voltage drop, set the voltage drop protection level to Model 3. Save the configuration and exit, we see the part where the system prompts for changes. Start the computer and enter the system smoothly. It looks very simple, in fact, overclocking is not very complicated, let's do some simple comparison results. First look at the simple system configuration, the CPU is Intel i5-12490F, the motherboard is MSI's MAG B660M MORTAR MAX WIFI DDR4, the memory is ADATA DDR4 3600MHz, 16x2=32GB, the graphics card is Sapphire's RX6700, and the display is MSI's MAG274QRF-QD Quantum dot 2K gaming monitor. Let's look at a simple comparison of CPU-Z. The base frequency is 100MHz when muted, and 130MHz after overclocking. The memory frequency has risen from 2666MHz to 3466MHz. CPU-Z score, single-core 711 at silent frequency, multi-core 4919.2. After overclocking, the single core is 829.7, which is basically the same as the single core value of 12900K. The multi-core 6387.1 is also close to the value of 11900K. It can be seen that overclocking is cool, it can greatly improve system performance, and spend a small amount of money to do big things. Of course, overclocking is not only related to the CPU and motherboard, but also to the quality of other accessories of the computer, so these will be described in detail in the next article, including the selection of other accessories, the installation process and other more detailed test comparisons, please pay attention to the next articles.

(Responsible editor:Notebook computer)

Related content