The domestic operating system is having a "chemical reaction" with the open source Hongmeng

time:2023-03-24 07:11:47 author:A main board
The domestic operating system is having a "chemical reaction" with the open source Hongmeng

After the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine incident, not only various materials were embargoed, but even the operating systems of mobile phones and computers were restricted. Android phone users in Russia will not be able to download any paid apps on the Google Play Store, even some free apps have restrictions. In China, similar things have also happened. Huawei, DJI and other companies that focus on technology research and development and have strong capabilities are also being targeted. Huawei cannot get Android updates, and chip foundries are also restricted. These incidents show that no matter how good other people's software and hardware are, we can only watch, and only build our own, even if the quality is not up to par, we can rest assured. Image source: pixabay's hardware problem is mainly about performance. The CPU of Zhaoxin, Loongson and other companies, and the GPU of Jingjiawei, the performance is not very strong, but it can be used anyway, we have no problem in daily office. At the system level, there are also many domestic companies engaged in technology research and development, such as Tongxin's UOS, Kirin Software's Galaxy Kirin, and Huawei's HarmonyOS. The difficulty in popularizing the system lies in the ecology. If the ecology is not perfect, it will be difficult to accumulate users, but without users, other software developers may be unwilling to adapt to a small number of users, resulting in a vicious circle. In order to allow more developers to participate, Huawei launched OpenHarmony, led by Kylin software, and jointly launched OPenKylin with a number of companies. Recently, the emergence of a business tablet under Tongxin has allowed us to see a new route for the popularization of domestic systems. What makes this tablet unique is that it passed the OpenHarmony compatibility test.

USmart, the hope of open source Hongmeng?

This business tablet of Tongxin is equipped with UNISOC T610 processor and runs USmart V20 system. Although there has been news of Wanlihong tablet running OpenHarmony earlier, it has not been commercialized. This product of Tongxin should be the first commercial OpenHarmony tablet. Source: Based on OpenHarmony 3.1 Release, OpenHarmonyUSmart V20 deeply integrates the technical accumulation of Tongxin in Linux, and finally creates a multi-platform system compatible with tablet computers, handheld terminals, smart large screens, and wearable devices. OpenHarmony is equivalent to native Android, and Tongxin's own customized USmart is equivalent to EMUI, MIUI, ColorOS, and OriginOS. HarmonyOS is the result of Huawei's software development team. It is definitely not willing to use it for other manufacturers for free, or even pay for other manufacturers. Huawei is not willing to use HarmonyOS for them. This is an important basis for product differentiation. However, Huawei hopes that the Hongmeng intelligent ecology will be popularized, so more developers need to join the Hongmeng family. Therefore, Huawei will launch OpenHarmony and publish the underlying code. Image source: pixabay OpenHarmony is the same as Android, which is equivalent to a rough house with a solid foundation, but how to decorate this house requires hardware manufacturers to do it themselves. In terms of system research and development, Tongxin has strong technical strength and rich experience. The communication UOS home version developed has already entered the public beta stage. Xiaolei has experienced the system. Although there are still deficiencies, Xiaolei is a text worker It's already enough. Tongxin has always cooperated with Huawei. Some versions of the Qingyun series laptops launched by Huawei are equipped with Tongxin UOS. This time, Tongxin took the lead in launching USmart based on OpenHarmony 3.1 Release. But what Xiaolei wants to say is that Tongxin's contribution to the domestic system is not UOS or USmart, but it reminds us of a new model, which may point the way for the domestic system.

Domestic system, which way should we go?

Early before HarmonyOS, there were many domestic systems available, but almost all of them were for fixed organizations or institutions, and it was difficult for ordinary people to access them. It was only in the past two years that domestic system development companies began to focus on the consumer market, and Tongxin launched the UOS home version. The problem with domestic system developers is that if they spend a lot of money to develop systems, they certainly cannot be used by other companies for free. However, in the face of competitor Windows, it is difficult for free domestic systems to show competitiveness, let alone domestic systems that are not free. Manufacturers are unwilling to accept domestic systems, and consumers are also unwilling to accept domestic systems, which has lost the user base, and software developers are even more reluctant to adapt software for domestic systems, which leads to the slow pace of ecological construction of domestic systems. Source: The birth of Tongxin OpenHarmony and OpenKylin is to solve the contradiction in terms of cost. System developers can launch a platform for hardware manufacturers to make repairs themselves, but new problems also follow. Compared with Android and Windows, the ecology of domestic systems is not perfect. First-tier and second-tier manufacturers are likely to be reluctant to use them. Third-tier and fourth-tier manufacturers want to use them. With the popularity of Huawei and domestic systems, they may attract a wave of popularity, but they have no strength. Go for a refurbished OpenHarmony. The embarrassing place is here, those who are able to use it are unwilling to use it, and those who are willing to use it are not able to use it. The ancients said: "The way of the sky is to make up for what is lacking, and the way of man is to make up for what is lacking." Under the premise that the market is chasing the sand, it will become more and more difficult for small manufacturers to compare with the leading companies, and the market share is likely to be high. It will also be eroded by big manufacturers. The original copycat mobile phone brands were eliminated one by one. The release of Tongxin USmart allows us to see a new model. There can be such a manufacturer, while customizing the system according to OpenHarmony and OpenKylin, and cooperating with hardware equipment manufacturers to sell the system to them. In this way, although hardware manufacturers still need to pay the cost to purchase the system, they can gain a lot of popularity, and the cost is definitely lower than that of setting up a system R&D team by themselves. The system manufacturers are mainly selling software. Although there are also some hardware, such as the business tablet launched by Tongxin this time, the reputation of Tongxin tablet in the consumer market is not as good as that of Cube, Taipower and other manufacturers. How hard to say. Therefore, Tongxin can sell USmart to third- and fourth-tier tablet computer manufacturers such as Cube and Taipower, and quickly recover the cost of system development. When the market stabilizes, it can still achieve profitability.

The road to success of the domestic system will take a long time.

Although there are Android, Windows, iOS, macOS and other systems available, But many netizens, like Xiaolei, look forward to the domestic system, especially in the face of frequent sanctions against companies such as Huawei and DJI. Some time ago, the Mate 50 series was released. Although the configuration is good in all aspects, it does not support 5G, which makes Xiaolei, a user who wants to experience HarmonyOS, deeply regret, so Xiaolei has been expecting other manufacturers to launch 5G mobile phones based on OpenHarmony. In addition to the ecological shortcomings, domestic system manufacturers also have many problems. For example, the business model is not clear. In the early stage of development, they can rely on the support of certain organizations or institutions. However, if they want to grow bigger, they still need the support of consumers. However, in addition to Tongxin, other companies have very few actions in the consumer market, and it is difficult for consumers to access domestic systems. In addition, the domestic system lacks core competitiveness. Windows is the operating system with the largest number of users in the world, and the ecology is also the most complete. Although the ecology of macOS is much worse, it is very suitable for light office users, and has advantages in video editing and development. Video editing is exactly what new media workers need, which is why there are so many articles on the Internet praising the Mac. Source: pixabay In contrast, the domestic system is too rudimentary, and there are still many problems to be solved. Fortunately, we have seen a sunny road for the development of domestic systems, which is extremely helpful for the improvement of the ecology and the promotion of business models. Of course, in the face of many powerful enemies, the development of the domestic system is still full of ups and downs and thorns. Although this road is still difficult, at least we have seen the dawn, and system developers such as Huawei, Tongxin, and Kirin are still working hard. Tongxin official once issued a congratulatory message that the UOS software ecological adaptation has exceeded 500,000, which is enough to see that some domestic enterprises and users have awakened and are willing to support domestic systems. With the support of users, the domestic system can go further, and the day when the domestic system is popularized will be closer to us. Cover image source: pixabay

(Responsible editor:Power Supply)

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